ptolemy's geography map
In addition, we look at specific regions of the map (for example, Africa) and look at naming, locations of places, and included features.
Later in the year, when we look at a 19th-century map entitled Clarks Chart of the World, students come back to these early discussions of maps and worldviews.8 Clarks map provides a color-coded view of the world from the perspective of the British Empire with a key showing who was savage or civilized. In map: Revival of Ptolemy …old Greek manuscripts, including Ptolemy’s Geography, from destruction.The rediscovery of this great work came at a fortunate time because the recent development of a printing industry capable of handling map reproduction made possible its circulation far beyond the few scholars who otherwise would have enjoyed access to it. Leonardo was a pivotal figure in this cartographical turn. 9Check out The World Columbus Knew in 1482 Lesson Plan. well as scholars read them. 8This map can be found in the Whitfield book cited above as well as on the CD-Rom. For example, students notice that what is today known as Sri Lanka or Ceylon, but known to Greek scholars as Taprobane, was drawn much larger than reality.4 Students have speculated that this is due to the inaccuracies of maritime travelers, the importance of the island for trade goods such as spices and beads traveling to the Mediterranean world, as well as East Asia and north along the Silk routes, and the difficulties of traveling in the Indian Ocean during Ptolemy’s lifetime. I then ask students to each pose three questions they would ask the respective cartographers that would allow them to better understand the world of the mapmaker. Have students think about how al-Idrisi may have gathered his information about northern Africa. Claudius Ptolemaeus (circa 100–circa 170), known as Ptolemy, was an astronomer, mathematician, and geographer of Greek descent who lived and worked in the Egyptian city of Alexandria. As the first pocket atlas, the most important atlas to appear until Ortelius’s 1570 Theatrum orbis terrarum, it testifies to the birth of cartography.
The inclusion of the Americas (and later Oceania and Antarctica) on future maps as well as the refinement of the coastlines of Afro-Eurasia is discussed. Based upon the book, by Peter Whitfield, The Image of the World: 20 Centuries of World Maps, 1994. Students work in pairs again with both maps side by side highlighting the similarities and differences between the two maps. Ptolemy's Historic MapDeborah Smith JohnstonLexington High SchoolPrinter-Friendly Version, View Primary Source(s): Simplified Version of Ptolemy's Map math12a NS.06. In addition, we look at specific regions of the map (for example, Africa) and look at naming, locations of places, and included features. In pairs, students attempt to locate familiar places on his map. Students also bring up the point that satellite photography today can eliminate overt perspective from a map, but then ask if it makes it more difficult to gauge worldview. 6This site has a public domain reprint of al-Idrisis map. In his Descriptio urbis Romae (1444), Alberti used Ptolemy’s numerical system to recreate a map of ancient Rome. For the next 1,500 years virtually every map-maker accepted Ptolemy’s Geography as the authority on the shape and size of the world. By the middle of the century, increasingly opulent manuscripts of
Ptolemy charted more than 8,000 places in the ancient world, from the Canary Islands to Korea. The representation of space was being entirely reconceptualized. Moreover, he understood anatomical dissection and the process of understanding the complex inner workings of the body as a voyage across unexplored lands. I am amazed at how many choose this option and I am convinced that it is because there is an inherent fascination with historical maps, especially after this lesson. This map of Greece and the Aegean, very rich in detail and the "Geography," mostly from Florence, had become fashionable as
In map: Greek maps and geography.
Until the late sixteenth century, Ptolemy’s measurement tables and geocentric model provided, along with Aristotelian physics, the basis for describing the nature and features of the terrestrial world. Paul II.
A class could go further and look at how the depiction of Africa over time through maps stays the same in some ways and evolves in others.
On a lighter note, students see their own mental map depictions of the world as being more inclusive than Ptolemys so that is empowering for them. 1Marti Owens developed a Symbolic Imaging unit which I have used with some modifications over the past 15 years at all levels to teach mental mapping. The pages displayed here, from a As students look at these maps, they come to understand the exchange of information between societies in new ways.
May 11. 1291 fol. 1Marti Owens developed a Symbolic Imaging unit which I have used with some modifications over the past 15 years at all levels to teach mental mapping. This works especially well for my AP world history students. 4For an interesting article on the roots of the name of Sri Lanka and the history of cartography of the region see In Search of Taprobane. His worldview was the dominant influence for Islamic and European cartographers during the Renaissance 1300 years later. ___________________ Vat. lat. What places are blank spaces in the worldview of the times? (Note that there are no extant versions of Ptolemys original maps so all the maps that are considered Ptolemaic fall in this Renaissance classification despite their earlier roots.) sun and moon. partial solar eclipse on April 26 and a partial lunar eclipse on Ptolemy himself made the analogy between maps and portraits, a connection that Leonardo elaborated upon by referring to his anatomical drawings of the human body as atlases of the world. More advanced students will be able to speculate what the shapes used on the maps represent and make comments about what is omitted. His use of shapes on a linear plane in depicting bodies, most notable in the “Vitruvian Man,” stemmed from the Ptolemaic ideal of proportional distances. It also allows the class to have meaningful discussions about worldview and the evolution of historical knowledge. Having used these maps for many years now, I find that the most important thing is to show the maps in color. Vat.
(Note that there are no extant versions of Ptolemys original maps so all the maps that are considered Ptolemaic fall in this Renaissance classification despite their earlier roots.). ephemerides or almanacs giving daily positions of the sun, moon, 1500–1577, Author of additional tables, Giacomo Gastaldi, ca. editions of the "Geography" to Borso d'Este of Ferrara and Pope The pope’s son Cesare Borgia would employ Leonardo as a military engineer. 1406-09 by Jacopo Angeli da Scarperia and dedicated successively Most were utilitarian but this uncommonly Does this mean that there is not history happening there if Greco-Romans, Europeans and/or Arabs do not know the place?5 Edited by Michael Servetus with maps by Lorenz Fries. The original was created in fifteenth-century Florence. View copies of Ptolemy's Geography: Claudii Ptolemaei Geographicae (1525) Maps are tools that help students investigate the past and the present as they explore historical connections. The trapezoidal April and May of 1473, shown here, illustrate in the margins a © Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305. 4For an interesting article on the roots of the name of Sri Lanka and the history of cartography of the region see In Search of Taprobane.
___________________ Leonardo’s own maps strike the perfect Ptolemaic balance between scientific precision and artistic invention. They have worked for students at all levels, though the types of questions I use does vary based on the level and age of students. 46 verso - 47 recto Reporting from: https://exhibits.stanford.edu/leonardo/feature/looking-at-ptolemy-s-geography, Leonardo's Library - Spotlight at Stanford, How-To Manuals: Medicine, Botany, and Agriculture, The Architectural Treatise: Reading Like an Architect, Mapping the City and the Territory: Florence and Milan.
translation followed independently within less than twenty years. See also Turkey in Maps. Other links provide an historical accounting of different European and Islamic versions of his map. Ptolemy, Geography Maps by Nicholas Germanus, In Latin, ca. The "Handy
5Looking specifically at Africa: European Mapping. I am amazed at how many choose this option and I am convinced that it is because there is an inherent fascination with historical maps, especially after this lesson. The discussion is all the richer then since we have looked at maps over time as an indicator of both cultural values as well as historical and geographic knowledge. gr. How could they tell al-Idrisis map followed Ptolemys? They have worked for students at all levels, though the types of questions I use does vary based on the level and age of students. I personally love to explore maps as historical documents and think that this exercise helps to excite students to do the same.9 As part of a unit assessment, they can choose to compare a Ptolemaic map with another one from 1400 -1800.
splendid pair of related manuscripts of text and maps, shows the astronomical tables in Greek, Arabic, and Latin. Rediscovered and translated from Greek into Latin at the beginning of the fifteenth century, the Geographia renewed interest in cartography and exploration; the maps Christopher Columbus used were based on the projection techniques described in volume one of Ptolemy’s treatise. This video is about Ptolemy's Map by Justine Wang and Marion Kudla for Math 575 with Miss Fulford. They were known as “Ptolemys,” after the famous Alexandrian astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus. 2For more on this, see the interview on this site on Analyzing Maps by Gerald Danzer or the Unpacking Maps essay by Joni Seager.
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